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On Looking into the Black Box: Prospects and Limits in the Search for Mental ModelsTo place the arguments advanced in this paper in alternative points of view with regard to mental models are reviewed. Use of the construct in areas such as neural information processing, manual control, decision making, problem solving, and cognitive science are discussed. Also reviewed are several taxonomies of mental models. The available empirical evidence for answering questions concerning the nature and usage of mental models is then discussed. A variety of studies are reviewed where the type and form of humans' knowledge have been manipulated. Also considered are numerous transfer of training studies whose results provide indirect evidence of the nature of mental models. The alternative perspectives considered and the spectrum of empirical evidence are combined to suggest a framework within which research on mental models can be viewed. By considering interactions of dimensions of this framework, the most salient unanswered questions can be identified.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Rouse, W. B.
(Search Technology, Inc. Norcross, GA, United States)
Morris, N. M.
(Search Technology, Inc. Norcross, GA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 1984
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Ames Research Center 20th Ann. Conf. on Manual Control, Vol. 2
Subject Category
Man/System Technology And Life Support
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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