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The Hanle effect applied to magnetic field measurementsThe Hanle effect is the modification by a local magnetic field of the polarization due to coherent scattering in spectral lines. It results from the precession of a classical oscillator about the magnetic field direction. The sophisticated quantum-mechanical treatment, which is required to compute the polarization parameters of scattered light, was developed. The main features of the Hanle effect concerning magnetic field measurements are: (1) a good sensitivity within the approximate range 0.1 B gamma rho to 10 B gamma rho where B gamma rho is the field strength yielding a Larmor period equal to the radiative lifetime, (2) there is no Hanle effect for field vectors parallel to the excitating beam, (3) the Hanle effect refers essentially to the linear polarization in a spectral line, (4) various points in the line profile are affected in the same way by change of linear polarization so that polarization parameters can be measured on the integrated line profile.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Leroy, J. L. (Observatoire du Pic-du-Midi Bagneres de Bigorre, France)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center Meas. of Solar Vector Magnetic Fields
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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