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Stokes parameters modulator for birefringent filtersThe Solar Birefringent Filter (Filter Polarisiant Solaire Selectif FPSS) of Meudon Observatory is presently located at the focus of a solar refractor with a 28 cm lens directly pointed at the Sun. It produces a diffraction limited image without instrumental polarization and with a spectral resolution of 46,000 in a field of 6 arc min. diameter. The instrument is calibrated for absolute Doppler velocity measurements and is presently used for quantitative imagery of the radial velocity motions in the photosphere. The short period oscillations are recorded. Work of adapting the instrument for the imagery of the solar surface in the Stokes parameters is discussed. The first polarizer of the birefringent filter, with a reference position angle 0 deg, is associated with a fixed quarter wave plate at +45 deg. A rotating quarter wave plate is set at 0 deg and can be turned by incremented steps of exactly +45 deg. Another quarter wave plate also initially set at 0 deg is simultaneously incremented by -45 deg but only on each even step of the first plate. A complete cycle of increments produces images for each of the 6 parameters I + or - Q, I + or - U and I + or - V. These images are then subtracted by pairs to produce a full image in the three Stokes parameters Q, U and V. With proper retardation tolerance and positioning accuracy of the quarter wave plates, the cross talk between the Stokes parameters was calculated and checked to be minimal.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Dollfus, A. (Observatoire de Paris-Meudon)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Marshall Space Flight Center Meas. of Solar Vector Magnetic Fields
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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