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Evidence for submergencew of magnetic flux in a growing active regionIn NOAA Active Region 2372 (April 1980), 4 x 10 to the 20th power maxwell of magnetic flux concentrated within a 30" circular area disappeared overnight. Vector magnetograms show that all components of the magnetic field weakened together. If the field had weakened through diffusion or fluid flow, 80% of the original flux would still have been detected by the magnetograph within a suitably enlarged area. In fact there was at least a threefold decrease in detected flux. Evidently, magnetic field was removed from the photosphere. Since the disappearing flux was located in a region of low magnetic shear and low activity, it is unlikely that the field dissipated through reconnection. The most likely possibility is that flux submerged. Observations suggest that even in the growth phase of active regions, submergence is a strong process comparable in magnitude to emergence.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Rabin, D. M. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Moore, R. L. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Hagyard, M. J. (NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: Meas. of Solar Vector Magnetic Fields
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19850021557Analytic PrimaryMeasurements of Solar Vector Magnetic Fields
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