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Future application of Czochralski crystal pulling for siliconCzochralski (Cz) crystal pulling has been the predominant method used for preparing silicon single crystal for the past twenty years. The fundamental technology used has changed little. However, great strides have been made in learning how to make the crystals bigger and of better quality at ever increasing productivity rates. Currently charge sizes of 50 kg of polycrystal silicon are being used for production and crystals up to ten inches in diameter have been grown without major difficulty. The largest material actually being processed in silicon wafer form is 150 mm (6 inches) in diameter. Growing of crystals in a magnetic field has proved to be particularly useful for microscopic impurity control. Major developments in past years on equipment for Cz crystal pulling have included the automatic growth control of the diameter as well as the starting core of the crystal, the use of magnetic fields and around the crystal puller to supress convection, various recharging schemes for dopant control and the use of continuous liquid feed in the crystal puller. The latter, while far from being a reliable production process, is ideal in concept for major improvement in Cz crystal pulling. The Czochralski process will maintain its dominance of silicon crystal production for many years.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Matlcok, J. H.
(Shin-Etsu handotai Co. Vancouver, WA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
August 15, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: JPL Proceedings of the Flat-Plate Solar Array Project Workshop
Subject Category
Energy Production And Conversion
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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