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Surface Drilling Technologies for MarsWe propose rock drilling and coring conceptual designs for the surface activities associated with a manned Mars mission. Straightforward extensions of equipment and procedures used on Earth are envisioned for the sample coring and shallow high explosive shot holes needed for tunneling and seismic surveying. A novel rocket exhaust jet piercing method is proposed for very rapid drilling of shot holes required for explosive excavation of emergency radiation shelters. Summaries of estimated equipment masses and power requirements are provided, and the indicated rotary coring rigs are scaled from terrestrial equipment and use compressed C02 from the Martian atmosphere for core bit cooling and cuttings removal. A mass of 120 kg and power of 3 kW(e) are estimated for a 10 m depth capability. A 100 m depth capacity core rig requires about 1150 kg and 32 kw(e). The rocket exhaust Jet equipment devised for shallow (3m) explosive emplacement shot holes requires no surface power beyond an electrical ignition system, and might have a 15 kg mass.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Marshall Space Flight Center
Document Type
Conference Paper
J D Blacic
(Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States)
J C Rowley
(Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States)
G E Cort
(Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1986
Publication Information
Publication: Manned Mars Missions Working Group Papers: Volume 1, Section 1-4
Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Subject Category
Astronautics (General)
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
Meeting: Manned Mars Missions Workshop
Location: Huntsville, AL
Country: US
Start Date: June 10, 1985
End Date: June 14, 1985
Sponsors: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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