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Surface Infrastructure Functions, Requirements and Subsystems for a Manned Mars MissionPlanning and development for a permanently manned scientific outpost on Mars requires an in-depth understanding and analysis of the functions the outpost is expected to perform. The optimum configuration that accomplishes these functions then arises during the trade studies process. In a project this complex, it becomes necessary to use a formal methodology to document the design and planning process. The method chosen for this study is called top-down functional decomposition. This method is used to determine the functions that are needed to accomplish the overall mission, then determine what requirements and systems are needed to do each of the functions. This method facilitates automation of the trades and options process. In the example, this was done with an off-the shelf software package called TK! olver. The basic functions that a permanently manned outpost on Mars must accomplish are: (1) Establish the Life Critical Systems; (2) Support Planetary Sciences and Exploration; and (3) Develop and Maintain Long-term Support Functions, including those systems needed towards self-sufficiency. The top-down functional decomposition methology, combined with standard spread sheet software, offers a powerful tool to quickly assess various design trades and analyze options. As the specific subsystems, and the relational rule algorithms are further refined, it will be possible to very accurately determine the implications of continually evolving mission requirements.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Johnson Space Center
Document Type
Conference Paper
Kyle Fairchild
(Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas, United States)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1986
Publication Information
Publication: Manned Mars Missions Working Group Papers: Volume 1, Section 1-4
Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Subject Category
Astronautics (General)
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
Meeting: Manned Mars Missions Workshop
Location: Huntsville, AL
Country: US
Start Date: June 10, 1985
End Date: June 14, 1985
Sponsors: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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