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Impatience versus achievement strivings in the Type A pattern: Differential effects on students' health and academic achievementPsychometric analyses of college students' responses to the Jenkins Activity Survey, a self-report measure of the Type A behavior pattern, revealed the presence of two relatively independent factors. Based on these analyses, two scales, labeled Achievement Strivings (AS) and Impatience and Irritability (II), were developed. In two samples of male and female college students, scores on AS but not on II were found to be significantly correlated with grade point average. Responses to a health survey, on the other hand, indicated that frequency of physical complaints was significantly correlated with II but not with AS. These results suggest that there are two relatively independent factors in the Type A pattern that have differential effects on performance and health. Future research on the personality factors related to coronary heart disease and other disorders might more profitably focus on the syndrome reflected in the II scale than on the Type A pattern.
Document ID
19870017967
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Authors
Spence, Janet T.
(Texas Univ. Austin, TX, United States)
Helmreich, Robert L.
(Texas Univ. Austin, TX, United States)
Pred, Robert S.
(Texas Univ. Austin, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1987
Subject Category
Behavioral Sciences
Report/Patent Number
NASA-CR-180693
NAS 1.26:180693
Accession Number
87N27400
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAG2-137
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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