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Detection of soil erosion with Thematic Mapper (TM) satellite data within Pinyon-Juniper woodlandsPinyon-Juniper woodlands dominate approximately 24.3 million hectares (60 million acres) in the western United States. The overall objective was to test the sensitivity of the LANDSAT Thematic Mapper (TM) spectral data for detecting varying degrees of soil erosion within the Pinyon-Juniper woodlands. A second objective was to assess the potential of the spectral data for assigning the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) crop management (C) factor values to varying cover types within the woodland. Thematic Mapper digital data for June 2, 1984 on channels 2, 3, 4, and 5 were used. Digital data analysis was performed using the ELAS software package. Best results were achieved using CLUS, an unsupervised clustering algorithm. Fifteen of the 40 Pinyon-Juniper signatures were identified as being relatively pure Pinyon-Juniper woodland. Final analysis resulted in the grouping of the 15 signatures into three major groups. Ten study sites were selected from each of the three groups and located on the ground. At each site the following field measurements were taken: percent tree canopy and percent understory cover, soil texture, total soil loss, and soil erosion rate estimates. A technique for measuring soil erosion within Pinyon-Juniper woodlands was developed. A theoretical model of site degradation after Pinyon-Juniper invasion is presented.
Document ID
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Price, Kevin Paul
(Utah Univ. Salt Lake City, UT, United States)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1987
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:182476
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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