NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
The structure of the Martian cryolithosphere upper levelsStructural inhomogeneities of the Martian cryolithosphere upper levels were studied by the proposed crater method. On the basis of analysis of 127 photomaps of 1:2 million scale morphological and morphometrical parameters of all the fresh craters larger than 1 km in diameter with fluidized ejecta and without it were investigated. Using the parameters of the craters, the roof depths of ice-bearing rocks were estimated and the data on the ice relative constant in the excavated permafrost layer were obtained. These data were used for the construction of maps of the boundary depth between ice-free nearsurface layer and ice-bearing rocks. A series of maps of the relative ice content for individual permafrost horizons was constructed. It was deduced from the obtained maps that the zone of the dryest nearsurface rocks on Mars is in the latitude belt + or - 30 degrees where maximum floor depths of the ice-bearing rocks vary from 400 to more than 400 m. It was found that the thickness of ice-free rocks in the Southern Hemisphere is larger than in the Northern one. The tendency of similarity of latitudinal zonality observed both on the maps of the minimal and mean roof depths may be considered as an indicator of structural stability of upper horizons of the Martian cryolithosphere down to the depths of 300 to 400 m. The areas of minimal ice content in the nearsurface layers coincide with the zone of maximum thickness of ice-free rocks. The ice relative content in Martian rocks becomes systematically higher from 30 deg latitude to the polars. The same tendency is observed in depth. The data obtained may be useful for the selecting of landing sites for Mars samples return and other missions.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Kuzmin, R. O. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Bobina, N. N. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Zabalueva, E. V. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Shashkina, V. P. (Academy of Sciences (USSR) Moscow, Ussr)
Date Acquired
September 5, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1988
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on Mars Sample Return Science
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

Related Records

IDRelationTitle19890008917Analytic PrimaryWorkshop on Mars Sample Return Science