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Design strategies for the International Space University's variable gravity research facilityA variable gravity research facility named 'Newton' was designed by 58 students from 13 countries at the International Space University's 1989 summer session at the Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourge, France. The project was comprehensive in scope, including a political and legal foundation for international cooperation, development and financing; technical, science and engineering issues; architectural design; plausible schedules; and operations, crew issues and maintenance. Since log-term exposure to zero gravity is known to be harmful to the human body, the main goal was to design a unique variable gravity research facility which would find a practical solution to this problem, permitting a manned mission to Mars. The facility would not duplicate other space-based facilities and would provide the flexibility for examining a number of gravity levels, including lunar and Martian gravities. Major design alternatives included a truss versus a tether based system which also involved the question of docking while spinning or despinning to dock. These design issues are described. The relative advantages or disadvantages are discussed, including comments on the necessary research and technology development required for each.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Bailey, Sheila G.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Chiaramonte, Francis P.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Davidian, Kenneth J.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1990
Publication Information
Publication: Vision-21: Space Travel for the Next Millennium
Subject Category
Ground Support Systems And Facilities (Space)
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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