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He-3 and other lunar volatilesConstraints are considered and estimates are given for the abundances of He-3, other noble gases, and chemically reactive volatiles (e.g., H, C, N, S, F, Cl) on the Moon. For the case of surface inventories, solar wind particles implanted into grains on the surface of the Moon provide an accessible, though not necessarily abundant, source of H, C, N and the noble gases. Solar wind implanted species are concentrated in the infest grain sized, and are only found in the upper few meters of the regolith, where there are grains that have been directly exposed to the Sun. Elemental abundances in surface soils are typically 10s of mg/g, and vary according to the exposure history of the soil. The abundance of the rare, but possibly economically important, isotope He-3 is typically a few mg/g. The largest uncertainty in estimates of the total lunar abundance of solar wind implanted species comes from the lack of knowledge of their distribution with depth below the upper meter or two. For the case of bulk inventories, constraints resulting from lunar sample analyses and from physical chemical models of volatile behavior during the hypothesized giant impact origin of the Moon is used to give estimated abundances.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Fegley, B., Jr.
(Lunar and Planetary Inst. Houston, TX., United States)
Swindle, T.
(Arizona Univ. Tucson., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1991
Publication Information
Publication: Arizona Univ., Resources of Near-Earth Space: Abstracts
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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