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Human factors of flight-deck checklists: The normal checklistAlthough the aircraft checklist has long been regarded as the foundation of pilot standardization and cockpit safety, it has escaped the scrutiny of the human factors profession. The improper use, or the non-use, of the normal checklist by flight crews is often cited as the probable cause or at least a contributing factor to aircraft accidents. An attempt is made to analyze the normal checklist, its functions, format, design, length, usage, and the limitations of the humans who must interact with it. The development of the checklist from the certification of a new model to its delivery and use by the customer are discussed. The influence of the government, particularly the FAA Principle Operations Inspector, the manufacturer's philosophy, the airline's culture, and the end user, the pilot, influence the ultimate design and usage of this device. The effects of airline mergers and acquisitions on checklist usage and design are noted. In addition, the interaction between production pressures and checklist usage and checklist management are addressed. Finally, a list of design guidelines for normal checklists is provided.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Degani, Asaf
(San Jose State Univ. CA., United States)
Wiener, Earl L.
(Miami Univ. Coral Gables, FL, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1991
Subject Category
Air Transportation And Safety
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.26:177549
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 505-67-41
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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