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The Marshall Engineering Thermosphere model atmosphere Statistical Analysis Mode (MET-SAM)The minimum, mean, and maximum exospheric temperature on the globe were calculated for every three hour period from 1947 through 1989 using the algorithms in the Marshall Engineering Thermosphere (MET) model and the appropriate solar activity input parameters. Cumulative percent frequency (CPF) distributions were then calculated for each of these temperatures at five levels of solar activity as defined by the 13-month smoothed values of the 10.7-cm solar radio noise flux. Next, the 50, 95, 97.7, and 100 percentile temperature values in each of these five levels of solar activity were curve fit as a function of the 13-month smoothed 10.7-cm flux. The resulting algorithms are used to compute the exospheric temperature in the MET model instead of the technique developed by Jacchia in his 1970 model. These temperatures are then used to enter tables to determine the total mass density and/or the atomic oxygen number density for application to engineering problems. Users can specify the risk level they are willing to accept in the results of analyses that require neutral atmosphere parameters inputs. The model eliminates the guess work in how to combine the solar activity input parameters to insure that the results provide answers at the proper risk levels.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Smith, Robert E.
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Catlett, Karen
(FGW Associates, Inc. Huntsville, AL, United States)
Anderson, B. Jeffrey
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
August 15, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1991
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 91-0453
Accession Number
Distribution Limits

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