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Laser Rayleigh and Raman Diagnostics for Small Hydrogen/oxygen RocketsLocalized velocity, temperature, and species concentration measurements in rocket flow fields are needed to evaluate predictive computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes and identify causes of poor rocket performance. Velocity, temperature, and total number density information have been successfully extracted from spectrally resolved Rayleigh scattering in the plume of small hydrogen/oxygen rockets. Light from a narrow band laser is scattered from the moving molecules with a Doppler shifted frequency. Two components of the velocity can be extracted by observing the scattered light from two directions. Thermal broadening of the scattered light provides a measure of the temperature, while the integrated scattering intensity is proportional to the number density. Spontaneous Raman scattering has been used to measure temperature and species concentration in similar plumes. Light from a dye laser is scattered by molecules in the rocket plume. Raman spectra scattered from major species are resolved by observing the inelastically scattered light with linear array mounted to a spectrometer. Temperature and oxygen concentrations have been extracted by fitting a model function to the measured Raman spectrum. Results of measurements on small rockets mounted inside a high altitude chamber using both diagnostic techniques are reported.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Degroot, Wilhelmus A.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Zupanc, Frank J.
(Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Brook Park, OH., United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 16, 1993
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion And Power
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.15:105999
Meeting Information
SPIE International Symposium on Lasers, Sensors, and Applications(Los Angeles, CA)
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 506-42-31
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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