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Large area solar cells from lunar materialsThe first goal of the project was to produce polymers from materials available on the Moon. This, apparently simple, aim is made complicated by the fact that there is no carbon on the Moon and there are no polymers (with a couple of irrelevant exceptions) known which do not contain carbon. Because of the abundance of silicon and oxygen in the lunar regolith, it was decided to aim to produce siloxane polymers with the (-Si-O-) backbone found in silicones. A univalent side group is also needed but there are no univalent elements available in the regolith which could plausibly make stable structures. Failing this, hydrogen is a good choice for side group since it accounts for a small fraction of the total weight of the polymer. Thus, a group of target structures such as (-SiH2-O-)n, (-Si(OH)2-O-)n is determined. This goal was approached via a series of simpler syntheses. During the first year, polydimethylsiloxane (-Si(CH3)2-O-)n was made by controlled hydrolysis of SiCl2(CH3)2, which is a routine synthesis, and then an attempt was made to make polydichlorosiloxane by controlled hydrolysis of SiCl4. At the end of the first year, some infra-red spectra indicated that this product had been obtained.
Document ID
19930017499
Document Type
Other
Authors
Bryant, Read (Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Calvert, Paul (Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Corley, Jean (Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1992
Publication Information
Publication: NASA Space Engineering Research Center for Utilization of Local Planetary Resources
Subject Category
ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19930017485Analytic PrimaryNASA Space Engineering Research Center for utilization of local planetary resources