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Using Transparent Informed Prefetching (TIP) to reduce file read latencyAs processor performance gains continue to outstrip Input/Output gains, I/O performance is becoming critical to overall system performance. File read latency is the most significant bottleneck for high performance I/O. Other aspects of I/O performance benefit from recent advances in disk bandwidth and throughput resulting from disk arrays, and in write performance derived from buffered write behind and the Log-structured File System. The access gap problem limiting improvements in read latency is exacerbated by distributed file systems operating over networks with diverse bandwidth. Focus is on extending the power of caching and prefetching to reduce file read latencies by exploiting hints from high-levels of a system. Such Transparent Informed Prefetching, TIP, and its benefits are described. It is argued that hints that disclose high level knowledge are a means for transferring optimization information across, without violating, module boundaries. How TIP can be used to convert the high throughput of new technologies such as disk arrays and log-structured file systems into low latency for applications is discussed. Our preliminary experiments show reductions in wall - clock execution time of 13 percent and 20 percent for a multiple module compilation tool (make) accessing data on a local disk and remote Coda file server, respectively, and a reduction of 30 percent for a text search (grep) remotely accessing many small files.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Patterson, R. H.
(Carnegie-Mellon Univ. Pittsburgh, PA, United States)
Gibson, G. A.
(Carnegie-Mellon Univ. Pittsburgh, PA, United States)
Satyanarayanan, M.
(Carnegie-Mellon Univ. Pittsburgh, PA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center, Goddard Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, Volume 1,
Subject Category
Computer Operations And Hardware
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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