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The application of active side arm controllers in helicoptersEurocopter Deutschland (ECD) started simulation trials to investigate the particular problems of Side Arm Controllers (SAC) applied to helicopters. Two simulation trials have been performed. In the first trial, the handling characteristics of a 'passive' SAC and the basic requirements for the application of an 'active' SAC were evaluated in pilot-in-the-loop simulations, performing the tasks in a realistic scenario representing typical phases of a transport mission. The second simulation trial investigated the general control characteristics of the 'active' in comparison to the 'passive' control principle. A description of the SACs developed by ECD and the principle of the 'passive' and 'active' control concept is given, as well as specific ratings for the investigated dynamic and ergonomic parameters effecting SAC characteristics. The experimental arrangements, as well as the trials procedures of both simulation phases, are described and the results achieved are discussed emphasizing the advantages of the 'active' as opposed to the 'passive' SAC concept. This also includes the presentation of some critical aspects still to be improved and proposals to solve them.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Knorr, R.
(Eurocopter Deutschland G.m.b.H. Munich, Germany)
Melz, C.
(Eurocopter Deutschland G.m.b.H. Munich, Germany)
Faulkner, A.
(Eurocopter Deutschland G.m.b.H. Munich, Germany)
Obermayer, M.
(Eurocopter Deutschland G.m.b.H. Munich, Germany)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
July 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Ames Research Center, Piloting Vertical Flight Aircraft: A Conference on Flying Qualities and Human Factors
Subject Category
Aircraft Stability And Control
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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