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A study of satellite motion-induced multipath phenomenaExperiments have been undertaken at COMSAT Laboratories to determine some of the propagation effects likely to be encountered by handheld satellite communications devices. L-band pilot tones aboard geosynchronous satellites at 15 and 40 deg. elevations were used to examine diurnal signal variations measured by using a hemispherical antenna. It was found that the receiver with a hemispherical antenna suffered daily peak-to-peak signal level variations of up to 12 dB compared to only 2 to 3 dB for a receiver equipped with a directional antenna. These results were highly repeatable, and extensive tests were conducted to confirm the accuracy of the data. The results suggest that the diurnal variations were due to multipath effects caused by the motion of the satellite with respect to the receiver antenna. Noting that the orbit inclinations of the satellites used in the experiment were only on the order of 2 to 3 deg., the results also suggest a potentially serious signal variation problem for low-gain antenna-based communications systems using low earth orbit satellites, since the satellite elevation angles relative to earth change far more rapidly.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Allnutt, R. M.
(Communications Satellite Corp. Clarksburg, MD, United States)
Dissanayake, A.
(Communications Satellite Corp. Clarksburg, MD, United States)
Zaks, C.
(Communications Satellite Corp. Clarksburg, MD, United States)
Lin, K. T.
(Communications Satellite Corp. Clarksburg, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: JPL, Proceedings of the Third International Mobile Satellite Conference (IMSC 1993)
Subject Category
Communications And Radar
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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