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Cloud, dust, and ozone vertical profiles from solar occultation measurements: Implications for dynamicsAn instrument was designed for solar occultation measurements of the martian atmosphere from the Phobos spacecraft. It was composed of three different dispersive systems working in the ultraviolet (UV: 0.22-0.32 microns) for the measurement of O3 and aerosols, in the near infrared (NIR: 0.76 microns, 0.94 microns) for the detection of O2 and H2O, and in the infrared (IR: 1.9 microns, 3.7 microns) where CO2 and H2O were measured. A detailed description of the instrument may be found in the special issue of Nature. Its principle objective is to measure from the Phobos orbit the spectrum of the Sun, modified by atmospheric extinction, during sunset. The UV-NIR spot has an angular diameter of 1 arcmin, or approximately 3 km vertical resolution, and is located near the center of the solar disk. The IR field is about twice as large and its line of sight is shifted by 8.5 arcmin, or approximately 20 km, relative to the previous one. It is therefore located near the edge of the solar disk. Sampling times are generally 0.5, 1, and 2 s for IR, UV, and NIR channels respectively, corresponding to vertical excursions of the line of sight of 1, 2, and 4 km respectively under nominal conditions. The instrument operated from February 8 to March 26 (the martian equinox occurred on February 17). The latitude of the intersection of the Sun-spacecraft axis with the surface of Mars varied from -11 to +20, the seasonal date L(sub s) being in the range 0 - 20. All measurements were therefore made near northern spring equinox in equatorial regions. Due to an error in the pointing system, only partial results were obtained, the region below approximately equals 30 km altitude being never sounded by the UV-NIR spectrometer. On the contrary, nine complete occultations were obtained in the IR channels, whose line of sight was fortunately approximately equals 20 km below the UV-NIR axis.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Chassefiere, E.
(Observatoire de Paris-Meudon France)
Blamont, J. E.
(Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Verrieres-Le Buisson, France)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on Atmospheric Transport on Mars
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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