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Martian mesoscale circulations induced by variations in surface optical and thermal characteristics: A numerical studyAccording to Mariner 9 and Viking observations the surface albedo and the thermal inertia of Mars' surface vary substantially, and fairly large gradients also occur. The Syrtis Major region is bounded in the west by high-albedo cratered terrain and in the east by Isidis Planitia, a high-albedo plateau. Sinus Meridiani, centered at 0 degrees W 5 degrees S, is almost surrounded by higher albedo regions with sharp boundaries, and Acidalia Planitia, between 10 and 50 degrees W and north of 35 degrees N, has sharp albedo boundaries to the east and west. Observational and modeling studies, e.g., on Australian dry salt lake coasts, have shown that discontinuities and gradients in surface properties can induce mesoscale circulations. We have used a version of the DMUH mesoscale model to simulate atmospheric circulations induced by variations in the reflectivity and in the thermal inertia of the martian surface.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Siili, Tero
(Finnish Meteorological Inst. Helsinki, Finland)
Savijarvi, H.
(Helsinki Univ. Finland)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Workshop on Atmospheric Transport on Mars
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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