A numerical investigation of a subsonic jet in a crossflowThe flowfield induced by a single, subsonic jet exhausting perpendicularly from a flat plate into a subsonic crossflow has been numerically investigated. The test case was chosen to match available experimental data where the jet Mach number was 0.78, and the freestream Mach number was 0.13. Time-averaged solutions were obtained using the thin-layer Navier-Stokes equations and two overlapping grids. The solutions were sensitive to the radial grid clustering near the edge of the jet and to the far-field boundary conditions. Experimental data comparisons were required to determine the most appropriate jet grid and satisfactory boundary conditions. Globally, the solutions converged in about 6000 iterations. The computational results accurately showed the deflected jet and associated contrarotating vortices. The fine clustered grid in the region upstream of the jet exit allowed the horseshoe vortex in the boundary layer near the jet exit to be captured. Most importantly for aircraft applications, the computed plate pressure distributions compared favorably with the experimental data over most of the surface. However, in the wake region immediately downstream of the jet exit, where there is extensive flow separation, some discrepancies with experimental data were observed. Two turbulence models were used in this study: (1) the zero-equation, two layer Baldwin-Lomax turbulence model; and (2) one-equation Baldwin-Barth turbulence model. The turbulence models gave results which generally compared no better with experimental data than the laminar computation results.
Chiu, Stephen H. (Space Systems/Loral Palo Alto, CA., United States)
Roth, Karlin R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Margason, Richard J. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Tso, Jin (California Polytechnic State Univ. San Luis Obispo., United States)
August 16, 2013
November 1, 1993
Publication: AGARD, Computational and Experimental Assessment of Jets in Cross Flow