Transitional flight characteristics of a geometrically simplified STOVL modelThe transitional flight characteristics of a geometrically simplified Short Take-Off Vertical Landing (STOVL) aircraft configuration were measured in the NASA Ames 7- by 10-Foot Wind Tunnel. The experiment was designed to provide detailed data for evaluating the capability of computational fluid dynamics methods to predict the important powered lift flow parameters. The model consists of a 60 deg cropped delta wing planform; a blended fuselage; and tandem, circular, high pressure air jets that exit perpendicular to the flat lower surface. Freestream Mach number is limited to a maximum 0.2. Model angle of attack ranges from -10 deg to +20 deg. The nozzle pressure ratios of both jets are varied between 1 and 3, and the jet exit temperatures are maintained at near ambient conditions. Detailed surface pressure measurements show that suction pressure peaks located on the upper surface of the wing during conventional wingborne flight for angles of attack greater than 5 deg move to the wing lower surface at angles of attack less than 0 deg. A reduction in these suction pressure peaks is observed when the lift jets are operating. With sonic jet exit conditions, a freestream Mach number of 0.14, and 0 deg angle of attack, the jet-induced suckdown is equivalent to a 3.7 deg reduction in angle of attack. Schlieren, laser light sheet flow visualization and total pressure measurements in the jet plumes provide a description of the three-dimensional jet efflux flowfield.
Roth, Karlin R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
August 16, 2013
November 1, 1993
Publication: AGARD, Computational and Experimental Assessment of Jets in Cross Flow