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Tactility as a function of grasp force: Effects of glove, orientation, pressure, load, and handleOne of the reasons for reduction in performance when gloves are donned is the lack of tactile sensitivity. It was argued that grasping force for a weight to be grasped will be a function of the weight to be lifted and the hand conditions. It was further reasoned that the differences in grasping force for various hand conditions will be a correlate of the tactile sensitivity of the corresponding hand conditions. The objective of this experiment, therefore, was to determine the effects of glove type, pressure, and weight of load on the initial grasping force and stable grasping force. It was hypothesized that when a person grasps an object, he/she grasps very firmly initially and then releases the grasp slightly after realizing what force is needed to maintain a steady grasp. This would seem to be particularly true when a person is wearing a glove and has lost some tactile sensitivity and force feedback during the grasp. Therefore, the ratio of initial force and stable force and the stable force itself would represent the amount of tactile adjustment that is made when picking up an object, and this adjustment should vary with the use of gloves. A dynamometer was fabricated to measure the grasping force; the tests were performed inside a glove box. Four female and four male subjects participated in the study, which measured the effects of four variables: load effect, gender effect, glove type, and pressure variance. The only significant effects on the peak and stable force were caused by gender and the weight of the load lifted. Neither gloves nor pressure altered these forces when compared to a bare-handed condition, as was suspected before the test. It is possible that gloves facilitate in holding due to coefficient of friction while they deter in peak grasp strength.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Technical Publication (TP)
Bishu, Ram R.
(Nebraska Univ. Lincoln., United States)
Bronkema, Lisa A.
(Nebraska Univ. Lincoln., United States)
Garcia, Dishayne
(Wichita State Univ. KS., United States)
Klute, Glenn
(NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Rajulu, Sudhakar
(NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1994
Subject Category
Man/System Technology And Life Support
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.60:3474
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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