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Surface processes in Greenland Sea convectionERS-1 SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data were used to specify Winter physical processes on the surface of the Greenland Sea, and SSM/I (Special Sensor Microwave/Imager) data were used to characterize the regional behavior of the ice cover. Examination of the SSM/I data indicated that the convective water was likely to be confined to small (less than 100 km) domains near the ice edge. Using ERS-1 SAR data crossing the ice edge, it was possible to identify ice edge features that are very similar to modeled plumes; they have a diameter of about 100 m, a spacing of about 300 m, and cover an area about 20 by 90 km. This plume observation is the first such identification of convection. The plumes are topped by ice, and the return-water areas are open, indicating a freshened top layer of the sea and emphasizing the importance of this layer to convection.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Carsey, Frank D.
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1994
Publication Information
Publication: ESA, Proceedings of the Second ERS-1 Symposium on Space at the Service of Our Environment, Volume 1
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Accession Number
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