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Status of the Shuttle SBUV (SSBUV) calibration of the NOAA SBUV/2 operational ozone sounders and the detection of trendsThe Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBUV) experiment has flown four times since October 1989. The purpose of SSBUV is to perform calibration checks of the SBUV ozone sounding instruments on the Nimbus and NOAA satellites in order to remove calibration drift so that ozone trends in the middle stratosphere can be accurately derived. Calibration checks are performed by comparing coincident observations between SSBUV and the satellite instruments. Regular flights of about once per year and maintenance of the SSBUV calibration to 1 percent from flight to flight are the major challenges for SSBUV. To date the required flight frequency has been met and instrument calibration is known to about 1-2 percent for the first three flights. The first comparisons showed 30 percent differences between SSBUV and the original archived Nimbus SBUV data, but considerably smaller differences with the new SBUV 'Version 6' data. Differences between SSBUV and SBUV/2 instruments on NOAA-11 and NOAA-9 were of the order of 5-10 percent respectively. These differences have not been accounted for in the present NOAA data set since they contain initial calibration biases as well as long term instrument drift. With subsequent SSBUV comparisons, the satellite calibration can be corrected, which will then allow an accurate estimate of ozone trends in the upper stratosphere. In this initial study, 1989 Nimbus-7 SBUV data have been corrected using SSBUV observations and then compared to SBUV data for 1980. This comparison then leads to an ozone trend of 7 percent in the upper stratosphere over the tropics for the period 1980 to 1989.
Document ID
19950004700
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Hilsenrath, Ernest (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Mcpeters, Richard E. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Cebula, Richard P. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1994
Publication Information
Publication: Ozone in the Troposphere and Stratosphere, Part 2
Subject Category
SPACECRAFT INSTRUMENTATION
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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