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A survey of propfan noise propagation at cruiseAcoustic measurements collected during the Propfan Test Assessment (PTA) program in 1989 had demonstrated that cruising Propfans have undesirably high far-field noise level. This study attempts to investigate the source of these noise disturbances generated by a single-rotating propeller with supersonic tip speed. Various atmospheric and propagation effects responsible for shaping the far-field acoustics will be examined. A methodology for analyzing Propfan propagation noise is proposed based on the theory of geometrical acoustics. This approach allows acoustic rays to be traced into the far-field via Snell's law. Amplitude variation along the rays are evaluated by applying the Blokhintzev energy invariant principle. Additional terms are appended to the energy invariant principle to account for propagation and atmospheric effects. A FORTRAN program is written to analyze the rays emitted from a helicoidal source path traced by supersonic helical speed blade tip. Earlier papers by Myers and Farassat have demonstrated the presence of Mach envelopes that lead to formation of caustics. Linear geometric acoustics is used to ascertain the existence of these nonlinear caustics in the far-field. The importance of caustics to Propfan noise generation is then studied.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Sim, Ben WEL-C.
(Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY, US, United States)
George, Albert R.
(Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY, US, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publisher: Noise Control Foundation
ISSN: 0736-2935
Subject Category
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
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