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Working toward a three-dimensional fatigue closure model for surface cracksThe first reliable elastic fracture mechanics solutions for a surface crack in a plate were obtained by Newman and Raju. The authors, both from the Mechanics of Materials Branch at NASA-Langley, used a highly detailed finite element solution requiring substantial computational resources. Computers have since become more powerful and available; however, many important related problems remain computationally expensive. The problem of three-dimensional fatigue crack growth taking into account plasticity-induced crack closure is one such problem. It is the goal of this research to provide an efficient method to account for three-dimensional crack closure in fatigue. Newman developed a two-dimensional plasticity-induced crack closure model for center cracked specimens. This model requires iterations to determine both the contact solution at each growth step and the extent of the plastic zone at the crack tip. A three-dimensional version of this model would require obtaining these nonlinear variables all along the crack front. This model must be efficient so that repeated calculations can be performed during crack growth simulations. The highly versatile line spring model (LSM) with contact, fatigue, and plasticity will form the basis of the closure model. There are several required additions to past work to address the three-dimensional crack closure problem. Initially, these additions will include (1) an improved LSM to more accurately obtain the crack opening displacement, stress intensity factors, and elastic T-stress near the ends of the surface crack; (2) a method to determine the extent of the plastic zone all along the crack front; (3) a method to determine the contact zone given a perfectly plastic layer of material on the crack surfaces; (4) a method to determine the magnitude of the compressive contact stress; and (5) a way to implement the degree of constraint along the curved crack front. During the summer ASEE program an enhanced LSM was developed. A method similar to that of 'strip synthesis' first introduced by Fujimoto was used. Briefly, the crack opening displacements of 'slices' of the surface crack in a direction parallel to the plate surface are considered in addition to the standard LSM approach that makes use of springs obtained from slices perpendicular to the plate surface. This enhancement is necessary so that an accurate three-dimensional representation of quantities such as contact zone size, plastic zone size, stress intensity factors, T-stress, and crack opening displacement can be determined. By combining results of previous investigations with the LSM, the problem of three-dimensional crack closure will be addressed. In addition to a closure model, the enhanced LSM can be used for many other problems including interacting surface cracks and fatigue crack growth of a through crack with a curved crack front.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Joseph, Paul F.
(Clemson Univ. SC United States)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1995
Publication Information
Publication: The 1995 NASA-ODU American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Summer Faculty Fellowship Program
Subject Category
Structural Mechanics
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19960020755Analytic PrimaryThe 1995 NASA-ODU American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Summer Faculty Fellowship Program
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