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Effect of KOH Concentration and Anions on the Performance of a Ni-H2 Battery Positive PlateThe capacity and voltage behavior of electrochemically impregnated sintered nickel positive plates was examined by galvanostatic charging and discharging in a flooded electrolyte cell. Three different concentrations of potassium hydroxide (KOH) (40, 31, and 26 percent) and 31 percent KOH containing dissolved nitrate, sulfate, or silicate were investigated. The end-of-charge voltage at C/10 charge and at 10 degrees C showed the following order: 40 percent KOH greater than 31 percent KOH alone and in the presence of the anions greater than 26 percent KOH. The mid discharge voltage at C/2 discharge was higher in 26 percent KOH, almost the same for 31 percent KOH with and without added contaminants, and much lower for 40 percent KOH. The plate capacity was marginally affected by cycling in all cases except for 40 percent KOH, where the capacity declined after 1,000 cycles at 80 percent depth of discharge (DOD). At the end of cycling, all the plates tested experienced a weight loss, except in the case of 31 percent KOH, as a result of active material extrusion. Cyclic voltammetry of miniature electrodes in 31 percent KOH showed that the cathodic peak potentials are less polarized in the presence and absence of silicate at -5 degrees C compared to 25 degrees C indicating a slightly higher voltage during discharge in a Ni-H2 battery. Futhermore, the features of the current-potential profile were practically unchanged in the presence of silicate.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Vaidyanathan, Hari
(Communications Satellite Corp. Clarksburg, MD United States)
Robbins, Kathleen
(Communications Satellite Corp. Clarksburg, MD United States)
Gopalakrishna, M. Rao
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1996
Publication Information
Publication: Space Electrochemical Research and Technology
Subject Category
Energy Production And Conversion
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19970009446Analytic PrimarySpace Electrochemical Research and Technology
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