Endothelial Cell Morphology and Migration are Altered by Changes in Gravitational FieldsEndothelial cell migration is important to vascular wall regeneration following injury or stress. However, the mechanism(s) governing this response is not well understood. The microgravity environment of space may complicate the response of these cells to injury. To date, there are no reports in this area. We examined how bovine aortic (BAEC) and pulmonary (BPEC) endothelial cells respond to denudation injury under hypergravity (HGrav) and simulated microgravity (MGrav), using image analysis. In 10% FBS, the migration of confluent BAEC and BPEC into the denuded area was not affected by HGrav or MGrav. However, in low FBS (0.5%), signficantly retarded migration under MGrav, and increased migration under HGrav was found. MGrav also decreased the migration of postconfluent BPEC while HGrav showed no difference. Both MGrav and HGrav strongly decreased the migration of postconfluent BAEC. Also, both cell lines showed significant morphological changes by scanning electron microscopy. These studies indicate that endothelial cell function is affected by changes in gravity.
Melhado, Caroline (Morehouse School of Medicine Atlanta, GA United States)
Sanford, Gary (Morehouse School of Medicine Atlanta, GA United States)
Harris-Hooker, Sandra (Morehouse School of Medicine Atlanta, GA United States)
August 17, 2013
January 1, 1997
Publication: The First National Student Conference: NASA University Research Centers at Minority Institutions