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Kinetics and Thermochemistry of Reversible Adduct Formation in the Reaction of Cl((sup 2)P(sub J)) with CS2Reversible adduct formation in the reaction of Cl((sup 2)P(sub J)) with CS2 has been observed over the temperature range 193-258 K by use of time-resolved resonance fluorescence spectroscopy to follow the decay of pulsed-laser-generated Cl((sup 2)P(sub J)) into equilbrium with CS2Cl. Rate coefficients for CS2Cl formation and decomposition have been determined as a function of temperature and pressure; hence, the equilbrium constant has been determined as a function of temperature. A second-law analysis of the temperature dependence of Kp and heat capacity corrections calculated with use of an assumed CS2Cl structure yields the following thermodynamic parameters for the association reaction: Delta-H(sub 298) = -10.5 +/- 0.5 kcal/mol, Delta-H(sub 0) = -9.5 +/- 0.7 kcal/mol, Delta-S(sub 298) = -26.8 +/- 2.4 cal/mol.deg., and Delta-H(sub f,298)(CS2Cl) = 46.4 +/- 0.6 kcal/mol. The resonance fluorescence detection scheme has been adapted to allow detection of Cl((sup 2)P(sub J)) in the presence of large concentrations of O2, thus allowing the CS2Cl + Cl + O2 reaction to be investigated. We find that the rate coefficient for CS2Cl + O2 reaction via all channels that do not generate Cl((sup 2)P(sub J)) is less than 2.5 x 10(exp-16) cu cm/(molecule.s) at 293 K and 300-Torr total pressure and that the total rate coefficient is less than 2 x 10 (exp -15) cu cm/(molecule.s) at 230 K and 30-Torr total pressure. Evidence for reversible adduct formation in the reaction of Cl((sup 2)P(sub J)) with COS was sought but not observed, even at temperatures as low as 194 K.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Nicovich, J. M.
(Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Shackelford, C. J.
(Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Wine, P. H.
(Georgia Inst. of Tech. Atlanta, GA United States)
Date Acquired
August 17, 2013
Publication Date
April 9, 1997
Publication Information
Publication: Laboratory Investigations of Stratospheric Halogen Chemistry
ISSN: 0022-3654
Subject Category
Inorganic And Physical Chemistry
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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