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Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice Concentrations from Multichannel Passive-Microwave Satellite Data Sets: October 1978-September 1995 User's GuideSatellite multichannel passive-microwave sensors have provided global radiance measurements with which to map, monitor, and study the Arctic and Antarctic polar sea ice covers. The data span over 18 years (as of April 1997), starting with the launch of the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) on NASA's SeaSat A and Nimbus 7 in 1978 and continuing with the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSMI) series beginning in 1987. It is anticipated that the DMSP SSMI series will continue into the 21st century. The SSMI series will be augmented by new, improved sensors to be flown on Japanese and U.S. space platforms. This User's Guide provides a description of a new sea ice concentration data set generated from observations made by three of these multichannel sensors. The data set includes gridded daily ice concentrations (every-other-day for the SMMR data) for both the north and south polar regions from October 26, 1978 through September 30, 1995, with the one exception of a 6-week data gap from December 3, 1987 through January 12, 1988. The data have been placed on two CD-ROMs that include a ReadMeCD file giving the technical details on the file format, file headers, north and south polar grids, ancillary data sets, and directory structure of the CD-ROM. The CD-ROMS will be distributed by the National Snow and Ice Data Center in Boulder, CO.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Goddard Space Flight Center
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Donald J Cavalieri
(Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)
Claire L Parkinson
(Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)
Per Gloersen
(Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)
H Jay Zwally
(Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland, United States)
Date Acquired
August 18, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 1997
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
NAS 1.15:104647
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Sea ice concentration
Satellite passive microwave radiometers
Arctic sea ice
Antarctic sea ice
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