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Thermally Mobile Trace Elements in Carbonaceous Chondrites from Cold and Hot DesertsSome decades ago, Anders and co-workers used RNAA to classify a number of trace elements as being volatile during nebular condensation and accretion into primitive objects based upon their strong depletion in (equilibrated) ordinary chondrites relative to C1 chondrites. Such elements, e.g. Ag, Bi, Cd, Cs, In, Se, Te, Tl, Zn and others, exhibit nearly constant, C1-normalized atomic abundances in C2 (CM2) and in C3 chondrites. They interpreted the near-constancy of these abundances according to a 2-component model in which volatiles were introduced into carbonaceous (and other) chondrites as Cl material which was diluted with differing proportions of high-temperature (i.e. volatile-free) components. In this view, mean volatile element abundances of 0.48 in C2 and 0.24-0.29 x C1 in C3 chondrites indicated that C2 and C3 chondrites are, respectively, about 1:1 and 1:2-3 mixtures of Cl-like and high temperature materials. More recently, C1 normalized abundances of such volatile elements are nearly constant in most C2-6 chondrites (i.e. 25 non-Antarctic meteorites, nearly all falls, and 36 Antarctic finds) consistent with a 2- component mixing model. However, rather than being quantized, mean volatile element contents in each chondrite define a continuum from 0.92-0.14 x Cl for these 61 chondrites. A few carbonaceous chondrites - the first having been the NIPR consortium samples B-7904, Y-82162 and Y-86720 - show an altered pattern: many of the volatile elements in each exhibit the usual constancy of C1-normalized atomic abundances, but modified by further depletion of Cd and other elements like Tl and Bi. These are the most mobile trace elements, i.e. those most readily vaporized and lost from primitive meteorites during week-long heating at greater than or equal to 400 C under low ambient pressures (initially 10 (exp -5) atm H2), simulating metamorphic conditions in a primitive parent body. Similarities between mobile element data for B-7904, Y-82162 and Y-86720 with those for Murchison heated at 500-700 C suggest that these Antarctic C1 and C2-like chondrites were metamorphosed at temperatures like these in the interiors of their parent bodies. Metamorphic temperatures inferred from RNAA data and textural/mineralogic alterations are internally consistent, agreeing with those evident in heated Murchison samples. These 3 chondrites were also heated late in their histories since all have lost cosmogenic 3-He, presumably during close solar approach, and B-7904 and Y-86720 seem also to have lost substantial proportions of radiogenic He-4 and Ar-40, cf. data. Similarities in spectral reflectance data for C-, G-, B- and F- asteroids, for these meteorites and for heated Murchison samples suggest that thermally metamorphosed interior materials in these asteroids were excavated by impacts and re-deposited on them, forming their present surfaces. Establishment of the thermal metamorphic histories of carbonaceouis chondrites, then, is essential to establishing the evolution and present-day nature of C-type and related asteroids.
Document ID
20000034781
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Lipschutz, M. E. (Purdue Univ. West Lafayette, IN United States)
Date Acquired
August 19, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1999
Publication Information
Publication: Workshop on Extraterrestrial Materials from Cold and Hot Deserts
Subject Category
Astrophysics
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: DE-FG02-95NE-38135
CONTRACT_GRANT: NAGW-3396
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle20000034770Analytic PrimaryWorkshop on Extraterrestrial Materials from Cold and Hot Deserts
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