When Push Comes to Shove: Gap-opening, Disk Clearing and the In Situ Formation of Giant PlanetsHere we investigate a scenario in which cores as small as a few Earth masses stall in the terrestrial planet region, but continue to grow as a result of the Type I migration of other Earth sized objects, taking place in a timescale approx. 10(exp 6) years similar to the disk clearing timescale (such migration may thus significantly reduce the accretion efficiency, particularly in the terrestrial planet region). Since the core may intercept such inwardly migrating objects (possibly by altering the surface density to the point that the object stalls within the core's feeding zone) or coalesce with neighboring cores, its growth may continue until it reaches a CCM. The question then arises whether such a core can accrete enough gas to become a Jovian-sized giant planet. In the limit of low opacity (such that the protoplanet s tidal torque fails to clear gas from its feeding zone in time to prevent its accretion), the final mass of the planet is given by the gaseous isolation mass (provided alpha is < or approx. = 10(exp -4) and that the gas component dominates the planet's mass).
Mosqueira, I. (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Inst. Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Estrada, P. R. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
August 21, 2013
January 1, 2004
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Origin of Planetary Systems