Parga Chasma: Coronae and Rifting on VenusThe majority of coronae (quasicircular volcano-tectonic features) are found along rifts or fracture belts, and the majority of rifts have coronae [e.g. 1,2]. However, the relationship between coronae and rifts remains unclear [3-6]. There is evidence that coronae can form before, after, or synchronously with rifts [3,4]. The extensional fractures in the rift zones have been proposed to be a result of broad scale upwelling and traction on the lower lithosphere . However, not all rift systems have a significant positive geoid anomaly, as would be expected for an upwelling site . This could be explained if the rifts lacking anomalies are no longer active. Coronae are generally accepted to be sites of local upwelling [e.g. 1], but the observed rifting is frequently not radial to the coronae and extends well beyond the coronae into the surrounding plains. Thus the question remains as to whether the rifts represent regional extension, perhaps driven by mantle tractions, or if the coronae themselves create local thinning and extension of the lithosphere. In the first case, a regional extension model should be consistent with the observed characteristics of the rifts. In the latter case, a model of lithospheric loading and fracturing would be more appropriate. A good analogy may be the propagation of oceanic intraplate volcanoes .
Smrekar, S. E. (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Stofan, E. R. (Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory Palisades, NY, United States)
Buck, W. R. (Proxemy Research, Inc. United States)
Martin, P. (Cambridge Univ. Cambridge, United Kingdom)
September 7, 2013
January 1, 2005
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI, Part 18