NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
The Challenge of Aviation Emergency and Abnormal SituationsEmergency and abnormal situations occur on flights everyday around the world. They range from minor situations readily managed to extremely serious and highly time-critical situations that deeply challenge the skills of even the most effective crews. How well crews respond to these situations is a function of several interacting sets of issues: (1) the design of non-normal procedures and checklists, (2) design of aircraft systems and automation, (3) specific aspects of the non-normal situation, such as time criticality and complexity of the situation, (4) human performance capabilities and cognitive limitations under high workload and stress, (5) design of training for non-normal situations, (6) philosophies, policies and practices within the industry, and (7) economic and regulatory constraints. Researchers and pilots working on NASA's Emergency and Abnormal Situations project are addressing these issues in a long-range study. In this paper we discuss these issues and illustrate them with examples from recent incidents and accidents.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Ames Research Center
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Burian, Barbara K.
(San Jose State Univ. CA, United States)
Barshi, Immanuel
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Dismukes, Key
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 23, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 2005
Subject Category
Air Transportation And Safety
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: RTOP 728-20-10
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
No Preview Available