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A Multibody Slosh Analysis for the Lunar Reconnaissance OrbiterThe Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) undergoes a series of thruster maneuvers to attain lunar orbit. The first of the series of lunar orbit insertion (LOI) maneuvers is crucial to the success of the mission. Therefore, it is important to characterize the disturbances acting on the spacecraft during this phase of the mission. This paper focuses on the internal disturbance force caused by fuel slosh and its impact on attitude control. During the first LOI maneuver (LOI-1), approximately 50% of the total fuel mass is used or roughly 25% of the spacecraft s wet mass, during the 38-minute burn. The forces imparted on the spacecraft from the fuel are dependent on the fill level of the two fuel tanks. During LOI-1, the fill level in both tanks varies greatly and thus so does the disturbance level caused by the fuel. It is therefore necessary to account for the time-varying mass properties of the spacecraft and the effects of the varying fuel levels during the entire 38-minute maneuver. Two simulations are developed in Mathworks s Simulink to analyze the fuel slosh effect. The first model, a baseline model, is a rigid body dynamics model where the fuel slosh is not modeled. The second is a multibody model, developed using a multibody dynamics toolbox, where each of the two fuel tanks and the remaining spacecraft body are treated as separate rigid bodies. The simulations are executed in a piece-wise fashion to account for the time-varying mass properties, and to accommodate the multibody toolbox. Disturbances caused by fuel slosh during both lunar and mission orbit insertions will be analyzed through simulation of different dynamics models. Results of the analysis will show the effects of the slosh disturbance on the spacecraft s attitude.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Shah, Neerav
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Hsu, Oscar
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Garrick, Joseph
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
September 24, 2007
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Flight Dynamics
Subject Category
Spacecraft Design, Testing And Performance
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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