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Health Monitoring of a Rotating Disk Using a Combined Analytical-Experimental ApproachRotating disks undergo rigorous mechanical loading conditions that make them subject to a variety of failure mechanisms leading to structural deformities and cracking. During operation, periodic loading fluctuations and other related factors cause fractures and hidden internal cracks that can only be detected via noninvasive types of health monitoring and/or nondestructive evaluation. These evaluations go further to inspect material discontinuities and other irregularities that have grown to become critical defects that can lead to failure. Hence, the objectives of this work is to conduct a collective analytical and experimental study to present a well-rounded structural assessment of a rotating disk by means of a health monitoring approach and to appraise the capabilities of an in-house rotor spin system. The analyses utilized the finite element method to analyze the disk with and without an induced crack at different loading levels, such as rotational speeds starting at 3000 up to 10 000 rpm. A parallel experiment was conducted to spin the disk at the desired speeds in an attempt to correlate the experimental findings with the analytical results. The testing involved conducting spin experiments which, covered the rotor in both damaged and undamaged (i.e., notched and unnotched) states. Damaged disks had artificially induced through-thickness flaws represented in the web region ranging from 2.54 to 5.08 cm (1 to 2 in.) in length. This study aims to identify defects that are greater than 1.27 cm (0.5 in.), applying available means of structural health monitoring and nondestructive evaluation, and documenting failure mechanisms experienced by the rotor system under typical turbine engine operating conditions.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Abdul-Aziz, Ali
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Woike, Mark R.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Lekki, John D.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Baaklini, George Y.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
September 1, 2009
Subject Category
Aeronautics (General)
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 645846.
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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