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Study of Fabry-Perot Etalon Stability and Tuning for Spectroscopic Rayleigh ScatteringThe Fabry-Perot interferometer is a commonly employed instrument for resolving the spectrum of molecular Rayleigh scattered light for the purpose of evaluating flow properties such as gas velocity and temperature. Rayleigh scattered light from a focused laser beam can be directly imaged through a solid Fabry-Perot etalon onto a CCD detector to provide the spectral content of the scattered light. The spatial resolution of the measurements is governed by the locations of interference fringes. The location of the fringes can be changed by altering the etalon?s physical characteristics, such as thickness and index of refraction. For a fused silica solid etalon the physical properties can be adjusted by changing the etalon temperature; hence changing the order of the interference pattern and the physical fringe locations. Controlling the temperature of the etalon can provide for a slow time-response spatial scanning method for this type of etalon system. A custom designed liquid crystal Fabry-Perot (LCFP) can provide for a fast time-response method of scanning the etalon system. Voltage applied to the liquid crystal interface sets the etalon?s properties allowing Rayleigh measurements to be acquired at varying spatial locations across the image of the laser beam over a very short time period. A standard fused silica etalon and a tunable LCFP etalon are characterized to select the system that is best suited for Rayleigh scattering measurements in subsonic and supersonic flow regimes. A frequency-stabilized laser is used to investigate the apparent frequency stability and temperature sensitivity of the etalon systems. Frequency stability and temperature sensitivity data of the fused silica and LCFP etalon systems are presented in this paper, along with measurements of the LCFP etalon?s tuning capabilities. Rayleigh scattering velocity measurements with both etalon systems are presented, in an effort to determine which etalon is better suited to provide optical flow measurements of velocity, temperature, and density.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Clem, Michelle M.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Mielke-Fagan, Amy F.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Elam, Kristie A.
(Jacobs Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 25, 2013
Publication Date
January 4, 2010
Subject Category
Physics (General)
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting(Orlando, FL)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 599489.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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