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Silicon/Carbon Nanotube Photocathode for Splitting WaterA proof-of-concept device is being developed for hydrogen gas production based on water-splitting redox reactions facilitated by cobalt tetra-aryl porphyrins (Co[TArP]) catalysts stacked on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) that are grown on n-doped silicon substrates. The operational principle of the proposed device is based on conversion of photoelectron energy from sunlight into chemical energy, which at a later point, can be turned into electrical and mechanical power. The proposed device will consist of a degenerately n-doped silicon substrate with Si posts covering the surface of a 4-in. (approximately equal to 10cm) wafer. The substrate will absorb radiation, and electrons will move radially out of Si to CNT. Si posts are designed such that the diameters are small enough to allow considerable numbers of electrons to transport across to the CNT layer. CNTs will be grown on top of Si using conformal catalyst (Fe/Ni) deposition over a thin alumina barrier layer. Both metallic and semiconducting CNT will be used in this investigation, thus allowing for additional charge generation from CNT in the IR region. Si post top surfaces will be masked from catalyst deposition so as to prevent CNT growth on the top surface. A typical unit cell will then consist of a Si post covered with CNT, providing enhanced surface area for the catalyst. The device will then be dipped into a solution of Co[TArP] to enable coating of CNT with Co(P). The Si/CNT/Co [TArP] assembly then will provide electrons for water splitting and hydrogen gas production. A potential of 1.23 V is needed to split water, and near ideal band gap is approximately 1.4 eV. The combination of doped Si/CNT/Co [TArP] will enable this redox reaction to be more efficient.
Document ID
20130013572
Document Type
Other - NASA Tech Brief
Authors
Amashukeli, Xenia
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Manohara, Harish
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Greer, Harold F.
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Hall, Lee J.
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Gray, Harry B.
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Subbert, Bryan
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 27, 2013
Publication Date
May 1, 2013
Publication Information
Publication: NASA Tech Briefs, May 2013
Subject Category
Chemistry And Materials (General)
Report/Patent Number
NPO-46951
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
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