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Progress of a Cross-correlation Based Optical Strain Measurement Technique for Detecting Radial Growth on a Rotating DiskThe Aeronautical Sciences Project under NASAs Fundamental Aeronautics Program is extremely interested in the development of fault detection technologies, such as optical surface measurements in the internal parts of a flow path, for in situ health monitoring of gas turbine engines. In situ health monitoring has the potential to detect flaws, i.e. cracks in key components, such as engine turbine disks, before the flaws lead to catastrophic failure. In the present study, a cross-correlation imaging technique is investigated in a proof-of-concept study as a possible optical technique to measure the radial growth and strain field on an already cracked sub-scale turbine engine disk under loaded conditions in the NASA Glenn Research Centers High Precision Rotordynamics Laboratory. The optical strain measurement technique under investigation offers potential fault detection using an applied background consisting of a high-contrast random speckle pattern and imaging the background under unloaded and loaded conditions with a CCD camera. Spinning the cracked disk at high speeds induces an external load, resulting in a radial growth of the disk of approximately 50.8-m in the flawed region and hence, a localized strain field. When imaging the cracked disk under static conditions, the disk will appear shifted. The resulting background displacements between the two images will then be measured using the two-dimensional cross-correlation algorithms implemented in standard Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) software to track the disk growth, which facilitates calculation of the localized strain field. In order to develop and validate this optical strain measurement technique an initial proof-of-concept experiment is carried out in a controlled environment. Using PIV optimization principles and guidelines, three potential backgrounds, for future use on the rotating disk, are developed and investigated in the controlled experiment. A range of known shifts are induced on the backgrounds; reference and data images are acquired before and after the induced shift, respectively, and the images are processed using the cross- correlation algorithms in order to determine the background displacements. The effectiveness of each background at resolving the known shift is evaluated and discussed in order to choose to the most suitable background to be implemented onto a rotating disk in the Rotordynamics Lab. Although testing on the rotating disk has not yet been performed, the driving principles behind the development of the present optical technique are based upon critical aspects of the future experiment, such as the amount of expected radial growth, disk analysis, and experimental design and are therefore addressed in the paper.
Document ID
Document Type
Clem, Michelle M.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Woike, Mark
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Abdul-Aziz, Ali
(Cleveland State Univ. Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
January 29, 2014
Publication Date
May 16, 2013
Subject Category
Instrumentation And Photography
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
International Instrumentation Symposium(Cleveland, OH)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 794072.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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