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Development of NASA's Small Fission Power System for Science and Human ExplorationExploration of our solar system has brought great knowledge to our nation's scientific and engineering community over the past several decades. As we expand our visions to explore new, more challenging destinations, we must also expand our technology base to support these new missions. NASA's Space Technology Mission Directorate is tasked with developing these technologies for future mission infusion and continues to seek answers to many existing technology gaps. One such technology gap is related to compact power systems (greater than 1 kWe) that provide abundant power for several years where solar energy is unavailable or inadequate. Below 1 kWe, Radioisotope Power Systems have been the workhorse for NASA and will continue, assuming its availability, to be used for lower power applications similar to the successful missions of Voyager, Ulysses, New Horizons, Cassini, and Curiosity. Above 1 kWe, fission power systems become an attractive technology offering a scalable modular design of the reactor, shield, power conversion, and heat transport subsystems. Near term emphasis has been placed in the 1-10kWe range that lies outside realistic radioisotope power levels and fills a promising technology gap capable of enabling both science and human exploration missions. History has shown that development of space reactors is technically, politically, and financially challenging and requires a new approach to their design and development. A small team of NASA and DOE experts are providing a solution to these enabling FPS technologies starting with the lowest power and most cost effective reactor series named "Kilopower" that is scalable from approximately 1-10 kWe.
Document ID
20140017750
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Gibson, Marc A.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Mason, Lee
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Bowman, Cheryl
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Poston, David I.
(Los Alamos Scientific Lab. NM, United States)
McClure, Patrick R.
(Los Alamos Scientific Lab. NM, United States)
Creasy, John
(Y-12 National Security Complex Oak Ridge, TN, United States)
Robinson, Chris
(Y-12 National Security Complex Oak Ridge, TN, United States)
Date Acquired
December 30, 2014
Publication Date
July 28, 2014
Subject Category
Spacecraft Propulsion And Power
Report/Patent Number
GRC-E-DAA-TN16225
Meeting Information
Propulsion and Energy Forum 2014(Cleveland, OH)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 887359.01.04
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
Keywords
Solar System
Heat Transfer
Fission
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