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Chemical, Structural, and Microstructural Changes in Metallic and Silicon-Based Coating Materials Exposed to Iodine VaporThe chemical, structural and microstructural behavior of steels (304, 316 and A36), titanium-aluminum alloy (Ti-Al, (6Al-4V)), aluminum-magnesium alloy (Al-Mg, 6061), and coatings (Silcolloy and Dursan (SilcoTek Corporation)) were probed after exposure to iodine laminar flow. Exposures were carried out in a custom-built Iodine Vapor RIG (IVR) at 300 degrees C to an iodine laminar vapor flow of 1 mg min(exp. -1), carried by 145 mL-min(exp. -1) argon gas, for 5, 15 and 30 days. Samples were characterized before and after the experiment by gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and cross section electron microscopy analysis coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). All steels exposed for 30 days formed scales consisting mainly of metal (Cr, Fe, Ni) oxides showing different chemistry, microstructure and crystalline phases. Elemental iodine was only detected by EDS analysis in the scales of stainless steels 304 and 316. After 30 days, the Ti-Al exhibited no detectable scale, suggesting only a very thin film was formed. A scale consisting mainly of aluminum, iodine, and oxygen formed on the Al-Mg sample exposed to 30 days. Some pockets rich in magnesium, iodine and oxygen also formed in this Al-Mg alloy. Stainless steel 316, low carbon steel A36 and Ti-Al alloy coated with Silcolloy and stainless steel 304 coated with Dursan that were exposed for 30 days exhibited no oxidation. Stainless steel 304 coated with Silcolloy exposed for 30 days did not exhibit corrosion although the sample gained weight and the coating exhibited expansion. The weight gain per area performance of the materials exposed in iodine lamina flow containing oxygen at impurity level for 10, 15 and 30 days are reported from the lowest to the highest weight gain per area as follows: Steels: Less than 316 less than 304 less than A36; Ti-Al-Mg based alloys: Al-Mg less than Ti-Al: Considering the experimental uncertainties, no weight change was observed for Stainless steel 316, low carbon steel A36 and Ti-Al alloy coated with Silcolloy and stainless steel 304 coated with Dursan. The corrosion of the alloys is catalyzed by iodine in the presence of oxygen as impurity.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Costa, Gustavo C. C.
(Vantage Partners, LLC Cleveland, OH, United States)
Benavides, Gabriel F.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Smith, Timothy D.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Date Acquired
May 23, 2017
Publication Date
May 1, 2017
Subject Category
Chemistry And Materials (General)
Metals And Metallic Materials
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 762817.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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