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Thermal Assessment of Sunlight Impinging on OSIRIS-REx OCAMS PolyCam, OTES, and IMU-Sunshade MLI Blankets in FlightThe NASA Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft was successfully launched into orbit on September 8, 2016. It is traveling to a near-Earth asteroid (101955) Bennu, study it in detail, and bring back a pristine sample to Earth for scientific analyses. At the Outbound Cruise nominal spacecraft attitude, with Sun on +X, sunlight impinges on the OSIRIS-REx camera suite (OCAMS) PolyCam sunshade multilayer insulation (MLI) with microporous black polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), a portion of the PolyCam optics support tube (MLI with germanium black Kapton (GBK)), a portion of the OSIRIS-REx Thermal Emission Spectrometer (OTES) sunshade (MLI with GBK), the Inertia Measurement Unit (IMU) sunshade (MLI with GBK), and the OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter (OLA) sunshade (MLI with GBK). Sunlight is reflected or scattered by the above MLIs to the other components on the forward (+Z) deck. It illuminates the forward deck. A detailed thermal assessment on the solar impingement has been performed for the Proximity Ops at the asteroid, Touch-and-Go (TAG) sample acquisition, and Return Cruise mission phases.The OSIRIS-REx Outbound Cruise flight temperature telemetry and USM_3_DPC_0_CURRENT flight currenttelemetry data have been analyzed. It is evident that at the nominal Outbound Cruise spacecraft Sun-pointing attitude(i.e., Sun on +X), sunlight impinging on the PolyCam, OTES, IMU-sunshade and OLA-sunshade MLIs is reflected orscattered to the forward deck and components on the forward deck. It illuminates the forward deck. The StowCam imageof Day 265 2016 also provided an evidence. The reflected or scattered sunlight cause warming to the forward deck andcomponents on its +Z side. It may also contribute to degradation of thermal coatings over the mission life. It is a factorthat the OVIRS detector operating temperature exceeds the 105K maximum AFT limit. The OVIRS PrincipalInvestigator indicated that it is not optimum but acceptable for science. With exception of the OVIRS detector, thecorrelated flight system thermal model predictions for the components on the forward deck have adequate margins in theProximity Ops, TAG and Return Cruise phases. The margins are expected to cover the warming caused by the solarimpingement and the contribution to degradation of thermal coatings. The solar impingement is not expected to be athermal risk to the OSIRIS-REx mission. The second SRC Optical Properties characterization will be repeated in theReturn Cruise to provide a good characterization of any changes in optical properties that might have occurred duringthe TAG, or during several years in space. If the SRC battery runs much warmer than that of the first characterization inthe Outbound Cruise, it will be necessary to make some changes to the SRC Release timeline to assure the SRC batterytemperature are within limits. If GBK, instead of microporous black PTFE, were used on the PolyCam sunshade MLI,much more sunlight would have been reflected or scattered to the forward deck and components on its +Z side.Microporous black PTFE should be considered to mitigate the optical and thermal issues of sunlight reflected/scatteredby MLI blankets in future missions.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Choi, Michael K. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 8, 2017
Publication Date
August 6, 2017
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
SPIE Optics + Photonics(San Diego, CA)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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