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Benefits of International Collaboration on the International Space StationThe International Space Station is a valuable platform for research in space, but the benefits are limited if research is only conducted by individual countries. Through the efforts of the ISS Program Science Forum, international science working groups, and interagency cooperation, international collaboration on the ISS has expanded as ISS utilization has matured. Members of science teams benefit from working with counterparts in other countries. Scientists and institutions bring years of experience and specialized expertise to collaborative investigations, leading to new perspectives and approaches to scientific challenges. Combining new ideas and historical results brings synergy and improved peer-reviewed scientific methods and results. World-class research facilities can be expensive and logistically complicated, jeopardizing their full utilization. Experiments that would be prohibitively expensive for a single country can be achieved through contributions of resources from two or more countries, such as crew time, up- and downmass, and experiment hardware. Cooperation also avoids duplication of experiments and hardware among agencies. Biomedical experiments can be completed earlier if astronauts or cosmonauts from multiple agencies participate. Countries responding to natural disasters benefit from ISS imagery assets, even if the country has no space agency of its own. Students around the world participate in ISS educational opportunities, and work with students in other countries, through open curriculum packages and through international competitions. Even experiments conducted by a single country can benefit scientists around the world, through specimen sharing programs and publicly accessible "open data" repositories. For ISS data, these repositories include GeneLab and the Physical Science Informatics System. Scientists can conduct new research using ISS data without having to launch and execute their own experiments. Multilateral collections of research results publications, maintained by the ISS international partnership and accessible via nasa.gov, make ISS results available worldwide, and encourage new users, ideas and research. The paper explores international collaboration history, its evolution and maturation, change of focus during its different phases, and growth of its effectiveness (in accordance with the especially established criteria) in the light of benefits for the entire ISS community. With the International Space Station extended through at least 2024, more crew time becoming available and new facilities arriving on board the ISS, these benefits of international scientific collaboration on the ISS can only increase.
Document ID
20170009104
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Hasbrook, Pete (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Robinson, Julie A. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Brown Tate, Judy (Barrios Technology, Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Thumm, Tracy (Barrios Technology, Inc. Houston, TX, United States)
Cohen, Luchino (Canadian Space Agency Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
Marcil, Isabelle (Canadian Space Agency Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
De Parolis, Lina (European Space Agency. European Space Research and Technology Center, ESTEC Noordwijk, Netherlands)
Hatton, Jason (European Space Agency. European Space Research and Technology Center, ESTEC Noordwijk, Netherlands)
Umezawa, Kazuo (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Chofu, Japan)
Shirakawa, Masaki (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Chofu, Japan)
Karabadzhak, Georgy (Central Research Inst. of Machine Building Korolev, Russian Federation)
Sorokin, Igor V. (RSC-Energia Korolev, Russian Federation)
Valentini, Giovanni (Italian Space Agency Rome, Italy)
Date Acquired
September 27, 2017
Publication Date
September 25, 2017
Subject Category
Law, Political Science and Space Policy
Report/Patent Number
JSC-CN-40449-1
IAC-17-B3.3.1
Meeting Information
International Astronautical Congress (IAC 2017)(Adelaide)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.

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