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An Experimental Study and Database for Tip Vortex Flow From an AirfoilAn experimental investigation of tip vortices from a NACA0012 airfoil is conducted in a low-speed wind tunnel at a chord Reynolds number (Rc) of 4×10(exp 4 ). Data for the stationary airfoil at various angles of attack (alpha) are first discussed. Detailed flow-field surveys are done for two cases: alpha = 10deg with attached flow and alpha = 25deg with massive flow separation. Data include mean velocity, streamwise vorticity, and turbulent stresses at various streamwise locations. For all cases, the vortex core is seen to involve a mean velocity deficit. The deficits in these cases trace to the airfoil wake, part of which gets wrapped up by the tip vortex. Comparison with data from the literature suggests that with increasing Rc, the deficit turns into an excess, with the transition occurring in the approximate Rc range of 2×10(exp 5) to 5×10(exp 5). Survey results for various shapes of the airfoil wingtip are then presented. The shapes include square and rounded ends and a number of winglet designs. Finally, data under sinusoidal pitching condition, for the airfoil with square ends, are documented. All pitching cases pertain to a mean alpha = 15deg, while the amplitude and frequency are varied. Amplitudes of +/-5deg, +/-10deg, and +/-15deg and reduced frequencies k = 0.08, 0.2, and 0.33 are covered. Digital records of all data and some of the hardware design are made available on a supplemental CD with the electronic version of the paper for those interested in numerical simulation.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Glenn Research Center
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Zaman, K. B. M. Q.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Fagan, Amy F.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Mankbadi, Mina R.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
February 5, 2018
Publication Date
November 1, 2017
Subject Category
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 109492.
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Tip vortex
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