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On the Development and Application of High Data Rate Architecture (HiDRA) in Future Space NetworksHistorically, space missions have been severely constrained by their ability to downlink the data they have collected. These constraints are a result of relatively low link rates on the spacecraft as well as limitations on the time during which data can be sent. As part of a coherent strategy to address existing limitations and get more data to the ground more quickly, the Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) program has been developing an architecture for a future solar system Internet. The High Data Rate Architecture (HiDRA) project is designed to fit into such a future SCaN network. HiDRA's goal is to describe a general packet-based networking capability which can be used to provide assets with efficient networking capabilities while simultaneously reducing the capital costs and operational costs of developing and flying future space systems.Along these lines, this paper begins by reviewing various characteristics of modern satellite design as well as relevant characteristics of emerging technologies (such as free-space optical links capable of working at 100+ Gbps). Next, the paper describes HiDRA's design, and how the system is able to both integrate and support the operation of not only today's high-rate systems, but also the high-rate systems likely to be found in the future. This section also explores both existing and future networking technologies, such as Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) protocol (RFC4838 citeRFC:1, RFC5050citeRFC:2), and explains how HiDRA supports them. Additionally, this section explores how HiDRA is used for scheduling data movement through both proactive and reactive link management. After this, the paper moves on to explore a reference implementation of HiDRA. This implementation is currently being realized based on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) memory and interface controller that is itself controlled by a local computer running DTN software. Next, this paper explores HiDRA's natural evolution, which includes an integration path for software-defined networking (SDN) switches. This section also describes considerations for both near-Earth and deep-space instantiations of HiDRA, describing how differences in latencies between the environments will necessarily influence how the system is configured and the networks operate. Finally, this paper describes future work. This section includes a description of a potential ISS implementation which will allow rapid advancement through the technology readiness levels (TRL). This section also explores work being done to support HiDRA's successful implementation and operation in a heterogeneous network: such a network could include communications equipment spanning many vintages and capabilities, and one significant aspect of HiDRA's future development involves balancing compatibility with capability.
Document ID
20180000922
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Hylton, Alan (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Raible, Daniel (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Clark, Gilbert (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
February 5, 2018
Publication Date
October 16, 2017
Subject Category
Communications and Radar
Report/Patent Number
GRC-E-DAA-TN47791
Meeting Information
AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (ICSSC)(Trieste)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 405034.04.01.08.01
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Keywords
DTN
HiDRA
SD

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