Dynamic Analysis of the hFan, a Parallel Hybrid Electric Turbofan EngineNASA and a variety of aerospace industry stakeholders are investing in conceptual studies of electrified aircraft, including parallel hybrid electric aircraft such as the Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research (SUGAR) Volt. At this point, little of the work published in the literature has examined the transient behavior of the turbomachinery in these systems. This paper describes a control system built around the hFan, the parallel hybrid electric turbofan engine designed for the SUGAR Volt concept aircraft. This control system is used to show that the hFan, running with its baseline concept of operations, is capable of transient operation throughout the envelope. The design parameters of this controller are varied to assess the amount of operability margin built into the engine design, and whether this margin can be reduced to enable more aggressive designs, that may feature better fuel economy. Further, studies are performed as parameters for the hFan electric motor are varied to determine how the motor impacts the engine's need for transient operability margin. The studies suggest that the engine may be redesigned with as much as a 3% reduction in high pressure compressor stall margin. It was also demonstrated that appropriate design and control of the electric motor may be able to buy an additional 0.5% stall margin reduction or a turbine inlet temperature reduction of 35 degR, as tested at the sea-level static condition.
Thomas, George L. (N and R Engineering and Management Services Parma Heights, OH, United States)
Culley, Dennis E. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Kratz, Jonathan L. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Fisher, Kenneth L. (NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)