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An Overview of High Bandwidth Liquid Fuel Flow Modulators Developed for Active Combustion Control ResearchThis paper presents a description of the general construction of three high bandwidth liquid fuel modulators along with data corresponding to their respective modulation performance. These devices are a critical element of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Glenn Research Center's (NASA GRC) Active Combustion Control (ACC) task. These devices are not commercially-off-the-shelf available, primarily due to a one kHz bandwidth requirement. Given their special nature, NASA GRC developed specifications for the modulation devices and then, through Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) contracts, had vendors with expertise in valve design manufacture them. The modulators described in this paper are the Active Signal Modulator (ASM), the Jansen's Aircraft System Controls (JASC) modulator, and the WASK Engineering (WASK) modulator. These modulators utilize magnetostrictive, electric motor, or piezoelectric actuation, respectively. The specifications for these devices evolved over time to meet the needs of changing objectives in the ACC research task. This is primarily true with respect to flow number as their designs accommodate a range from one to eight (lbm./hr-psi0.5). These designs also exhibit relatively small volume, weight, and power consumption with an ability to modulate approximately +/- 30% from the mean on a pressure basis. The modulators have been characterized and have undergone laboratory performance tests by the vendors. Their data indicated suitability for continued use in ACC research testing.
Document ID
Document Type
Technical Memorandum (TM)
Saus, Joseph R.
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Thomas, Randy
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
December 17, 2018
Publication Date
December 1, 2018
Subject Category
Aeronautics (General)
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 109492.
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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