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Transformational Solar Array Option I Final ReportThis report summarizes the work performed under NASA contract NNC16CA19C from May 2, 2017 through April 2, 2018. This work is directed toward meeting the goals of the associated NASA NRA and, of course, the requirements of the contract. In brief, the goals are: (1) Over 47% beginning of life cell efficiency at 5 AU and -125 °C (2) Over 32% end of life efficiency at the blanket level at 50 W m-2, -125 °C and 4E15 1 MeV e cm-2 (3) Over 8 W kg-1 at EOL for the entire array including structure, deployment, and pointing mechanisms using beginning of life performance. (4) A stowed packaging density of greater than 66 kW m-3 (5) An ability to survive launch and numerous deploy retract cycles without degradation (6) An output higher than 300 V (7) An ability to operate in a plasma generated by xenon thrusters, typically 1E8 cm-3 ions with an average energy of 2 eV (8) A design compatible with electrostatic and magnetic cleanliness (9) Record breaking inverted metamorphic (IMM) 6 junction solar cells (10) IMM solar cells that have no anomalous flat spot behavior at low irradiance and low temperature (11) A mock-up production line for the low-cost manufacture of spacecraft blanket arrays. The Option I phase of the project continued efforts, started in the base-phase, to eliminate or reduce to very low levels the flat spots that reduce power to an unacceptable value in a significant percentage of cells and to reduce outgassing contamination of the concentrators to acceptable levels. Option I adds tasks to increase the efficiency of IMM cells from those produced in the Base Phase, to eliminate delamination of the coatings that were present in previous versions of the concentrator mirrors, to evaluate pressure sensitive adhesive as a method of fixing solar cell assemblies to blankets, to design a magnetically clean brake for ROSA, to test the robustness of a sample blanket in deploy and retract, to test for the adequate performance of a blanket in vibration and thermal environments, and to define the capital equipment needed to optimize production of the Transformational Array. 5 Work for this Final Report showed that the greatest likely improvement in the solar cells would be by emphasizing the effort for the IMM4 solar cells and stopping work on other IMM cells. For this phase, the solar cell work was primarily on the IMM4 cells with little work on IMM5 and none on IMM6 cells.
Document ID
Document Type
Contractor or Grantee Report
Gaddy, Edward (Johns Hopkins Univ. Laurel, MD, United States)
Douglas, Mark (Deployable Space Systems Goleta, CA, United States)
Sharps, Paul (SolAero Technologies Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Kerestes, Christopher (SolAero Technologies, Corp. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Sulyma, Chris (SolAero Technologies, Corp. Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Nichols, John (Johns Hopkins Univ. Laurel, MD, United States)
Drabenstadt, Christian (Johns Hopkins Univ. Laurel, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
February 3, 2020
Publication Date
January 30, 2017
Subject Category
Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: 432938.
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

Available Downloads

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IDRelationTitle20170010684Supplement ToTransformational Solar Array Final Report